professors, as well as teachers, lawyers, artists, writers, priests and other members of the Polish intelligentsia were arrested and executed, or transported to concentration camps, during operations such as AB-Aktion. Cambridge University Press, isbn Madajczyk, Czesław (1970 Polityka III Rzeszy w okupowanej Polsce, Tom II (Politics of the Third Reich in Occupied Poland, Part Two) (in Polish Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe Murdoch, Brian (1990 Fighting Songs and Warring Words: Popular Lyrics. 227 Salmonowicz 1994,. . 10 Shuttered museums were replaced by occasional art exhibitions that frequently conveyed propagandist themes. 185 Salmonowicz 1994,. . 140 a b c d Salmonowicz 1994,. . Les véritables passionnés sont là en train d'espionner et de trouver une ouverture. 126 Salmonowicz 1994,. . Polish-language books were burned even in the primary schools. 72 73 They included Jerzy Borejsza, Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński, Kazimierz Brandys, Janina Broniewska, Jan Brzoza, Teodor Bujnicki, Leon Chwistek, Zuzanna Ginczanka, Halina Górska, Mieczysław Jastrun, Stefan Jędrychowski, Stanisław Jerzy Lec, Tadeusz Łopalewski, Juliusz Kleiner, Jan Kott, Jalu Kurek, Karol Kuryluk, Leopold. 65 The name "Poland" was banned. 16 Jewish musicians (e.g. 125 There were also Polish theaters in exile in both the East and the West. A b (in Polish)Likowska, Ewa (2001). 11 German propaganda specialists invited critics from neutral countries to specially organized "Polish" performances that were specifically designed to be boring or pornographic, and presented them as typical Polish cultural activities. 23 25 Most of the important art pieces had been "secured" by the Nazis within six months of September 1939; by the end of 1942, German officials estimated that "over 90" of the art previously in Poland was in their possession. 38 44 The new educational aims for Poles included convincing them that their national fate was hopeless, and teaching them to be submissive and respectful to Germans. 115 Many of these activities were coordinated under the Action N Operation of Armia Krajowa's Bureau of Information and Propaganda.